[KCI] ICT and the Changing Nature of Work: Work Fragmentation

posted Mar 16, 2015, 6:21 AM by CWS Yonsei   [ updated Mar 16, 2015, 6:21 AM ]
Lee, S., Park, J.-G., & Lee, J. (2014). ICT and the Changing Nature of Work: Work Fragmentation. Informatization policy, 21(1), 35-56.

Information and communication technologies(ICT) allow and force people to work anywhere, anytime using remote databases and application systems available in real-time twenty four hours a day and seven days a week. With the real time nature of ICT, individual work is becoming more and more fragmented. Instead of working on a similar task repeatedly, individuals are required to respond to e-mails and inquiries through social networks, work on planning documents, work on presentation documents, work on spreadsheets, input necessary data on company databases, generate necessary reports from the database, run teleconference, etc., all maybe in a day’s work. Work fragmentation may impact negatively on productivity as the flow is interrupted, but it may increase the productivity by allowing people to handle multiple tasks in a shorter time period. This study explores the types of work fragmentation and their characteristics. An online survey was administered to collect data about work fragmentation and work characteristics including autonomy, complexity, flexibility, usage of ICT, etc. 300 cases were used in the analysis. Analysis of k-mean cluster indicated four different types of work fragmentation: concentrated, temporally distributed, spatially distributed, and fully fragmented.

work fragmentation, work characteristic, ICT use, smartwork, the changing nature of work